Selection and Care

Mont Common Terminology

Below is a list of common terminology that you will hear from your industry professional and Mont.

Absorption rate

Percentage of moisture absorbed by weight.

Anchor

A metal fastener used for securing dimension stone to a structure.

Antique finish

A finish that replicates rusticated or distressed textures.

Backsplash

The area located between the countertop and lower cabinet. Typically around 18¨ in height.

Bevel

A sloped surface contiguous with a vertical or horizontal surface.

Book match pattern

A layout in pairs of all stone elements to confirm that the design matches.

Brushed finish

Obtained by brushing a stone with a coarse rotary-type wire brush.

Bullnose

Convex rounding of a stone member, such as countertop edges or stair treads.

Butt joint

An external corner formed by two stone panels with one head.

Calibration

The first step in the finishing process of a stone tile.

Cladding

Non-load-bearing stone veneer used as the facing material in exterior wall construction.

Chiseled edge

A process of mechanically chipping the tile edge, thus giving the stone a rustic, aged appearance.

Coping

A flat stone used as a cap on freestanding walls.

Cross-cut

The process of cutting the initial block of stone parallel to the natural bedding plane. The effect is a mottled or cloudlike appearance.

Cubic stone

Cut stone

Finished, dimensioned stone ready to set in place.

Dimension stone

A natural building stone that has been cut and finished to specifications.

Eased edge

When referring to a slab material, the square edge profile normally has softened edges as opposed to sharp square edges for added safety.

Engineered stone

A manmade product composed of a blend of natural minerals and manmade agents (such as polyester, glass, epoxy, and other such ingredients). Gives the appearance of a stonelike surface, but it does not possess the characteristics of a natural stone.

Epoxy resin

A flexible, usually thermalsetting resin made by the polymerization of an epoxide; used as an adhesive.

Fabricated

Used in reference to dimension stone, it means manufactured and ready for installation.

Face

The exposed surface of stone on a structure.

Filling

A trade expression used to indicate the filling of natural voids in stone units with cements or synthetic resins and similar materials.

Finish

Final surface applied to the face of dimension stone during fabrication.

Fissure

A hairline opening in the face of stone demonstrating stones natural characteristics; a lineal or non-directional void in the face and crystalline structure of stone that typically is very thin and irregular.

Flamed finish

See thermal finish.

Gang saw

A mechanical device, also known as a “frame saw,” used to cut stone blocks to slabs of predetermined thickness.

Gauged or gauging

A grinding process to make all pieces of material to be used together the same thickness.

Granite

A very hard, crystalline, igneous rock, composed of feldspar, quartz, and lesser amounts of dark ferromagnesium materials.

Hearth stone

Originally the single large stone or stones used for the hearth, now most commonly used to describe the stone in front of the fire chamber and many times extending on either or both sides of the front of the fire chamber.

Honed finish

A satin smooth surface finish with little or no gloss, recommended for commercial floors.

Igneous

Any of the various volcanic rocks, solidified after the molten state, such as granite.

Impregnation

Applying liquid chemicals containing stain inhibitors or sealers that penetrates below the surface of the stone.

Lamination

The gluing of two pieces of stone together to produce an edge that can be shaped to create an aesthetic appearance for countertops.

Leather finish

A surface finish which gives the stone a lightly textured semi-gloss finish.

Limestone

A sedimentary rock composed primarily of calcite or dolomite. The varieties of limestone used as dimension stone are usually well consolidated and exhibit a minimum of graining or bedding direction.

Marble

A metamorphic crystalline rock composed predominantly of crystalline grains of calcite, dolomite, or serpentine, and capable of taking a polish.

Metamorphic rock

Rock altered in appearance, density, crystalline structure, and in some cases, mineral composition, by high temperature or intense pressure, or both. Includes slate derived from shale, quartz-based stone from quartzitic sand, and true marble from limestone.

Natural stone

A product of nature. A stone such as granite, marble, limestone, slate, travertine, or sandstone that is formed by nature, and is not artificial or manmade.

Ogee

A stone molding with a reverse curved edge: concave above, convex below.

Onyx

A translucent, generally layered, cryptocrystalline calcite with colors in pastel shades, particularly yellow, tan, and green.

Overhang

The portion of a stone countertop that cantilevers or extends beyond the cabinet front. The typical overhang for kitchen countertops is 1It is normally safe to allow 3cm thick granite countertops to overhang up to 10” without additional support.

Polished finish

A glossy surface finish that brings out the full color and character of the stone.

Poultice

A chemical paste used to draw a stain from the pores of a stone.

Quarry

The location of an operation where a deposit of stone is extracted from the earth through an open pit or underground mine.

Quartz

A silicon dioxide mineral that occurs in colorless and transparent or colored hexagonal crystals or in crystalline masses. One of the hardest minerals that compose stones such as sandstone, granite, and quartzite.

Radius

A rounding of the corners of a stone piece. A radius can be applied to a countertop edge profile or to moderate an exposed countertop outside corner.

Random slab

A trimmed slab with a width and length that is not preset, but variable within certain limits.

Resined slabs

Stone slabs which have had resin applied during the finishing process. The resin fills any voids in the face of the stone giving the surface a smoother, nearly flawless finish.

Schist

A loose term applying to foliated metamorphic (recrystallized) rock characterized by thin foliae that are composed predominately of minerals of thin platy or prismatic habits and whose long dimensions are oriented in approximately parallel positions along the planes of foliation.

Sealant

1. An elastic adhesive compound used to seal stone veneer joints. 2. A chemical treatment applied to the face of stone used as a protectant to retard staining.

Shim

A piece of plastic or other noncorrosive, nonstaining material used to hold joints to size and keep the faces of adjacent stones level.

Slab

A lengthwise-cut piece sawn or split from a quarry block prior to fabrication.

Slate

A very fine-grained metamorphic rock derived from sedimentary shale rock. Characterized by an excellent parallel cleavage, and entirely independent of original bedding, slate may be split easily into relatively thin slabs.

Soapstone

A massive talc with a “soapy” feel, used for hearths, tabletops, chemical resistant laboratory tops, stove facings, and cladding; known for it stainproof characteristics.

Terrazzo

A flooring surface of marble or granite chips in a cementitious or resinous matrix, which is ground and finished after setting.

Texture

Surface quality of stone independent of color.

Thermal finish

A surface treatment applied by intense heat flaming.

Translucence

The ability of many lighter-colored marbles (onyx) to transmit light.

Travertine

A variety of limestone that is a precipitate from hot springs. Some varieties of travertine take a polish and are known commercially as marble.

Vein

A layer, seam, or narrow irregular body of mineral material different from the surrounding formation.

Vein cut

A cut into quarried stone perpendicular to the natural bedding plane.